The concept of "party autonomy" also applies to the matter of determining the place of arbitration. Arbitration can be conducted within
or outside the country, as agreed upon in the arbitration agreement.
It is rare that parties to a commercial arbitration agree to arbitrate without first agreeing on the place of arbitration. Arbitration is usually
structured with keen attention to the place of arbitration because the very nexus of the problem of enforcing the arbitral award often lies
in fixing the place of arbitration.
When no agreement has been reached between the parties, procedural rules for the arbitration of a private commercial matter will be as provided in the Korean Arbitration Act. The Korean Arbitration Act also states in Article 20  that the arbitral tribunal may, subject to the provisions of this the Korean Arbitration Act, conduct the arbitration in such manner as it considers appropriate. The power conferred upon the arbitral tribunal shall include the power to determine the admissibility, relevance, and weight of any evidence. The proceedings of a hearing are conducted in accordance with Article 27 through Article 45 of the KCAB Arbitration Rules.
In commercial arbitration, a statement of claim must include a written brief outlining the dispute. In response to the request,
a written reply is to be made prior to the hearing. The respondent may submit a counterclaim at any time during the arbitration
proceedings. However, if this creates an undue burden on the other party or delays the completion of the proceedings,
the tribunal may, at the request of the other party, refuse to accept the counterclaim (Art. 14  Rules). At the hearing, the tribunal
may ask the parties to present statements which clarify the issues in dispute. During the proceedings, the parties may present
additional statements either at their own initiative or as required by the arbitrators.
The parties may present witnesses who will be heard by the tribunal in the presence of both parties. Witnesses may be heard under
proceedings which provide for cross-examination. The tribunal has the discretion to determine the relevance and materiality of
evidence (Art. 42  Rules). If a witness is unwilling to appear, the tribunal may file an application with a competent court to have
the witness appear (Art. 28  of the Korean Arbitration Act and Art. 42  of the Rules). However, the tribunal may reach its own conclusion if a witness is not willing to appear.
Parties to a commercial arbitration may present expert witnesses in support of their arguments (Art. 42  Rules). However,
the tribunal may also call on an expert of its own, for example in cases where there are differing opinions from the expert witnesses
of the respective parties. General rules apply to witnesses and experts, such as their being heard in the presence of both parties
and both parties having an equal opportunity to present any material or relevant evidence.
Pursuant to the Korean Arbitration Act (Art. 10), a party to an arbitration agreement may request before or during arbitral proceedings, from a court an interim measure of protection and for a court to grant such measure.
Article 18 also states that unless otherwise agreed by the parties, the arbitral tribunal may, at a request of a party, order any party
to take such interim measure of protection as the arbitral tribunal may consider necessary in respect of the subject-matter of the
dispute. The arbitral tribunal may determine an amount of security to be provided by the respondent in lieu of such measure.
The parties may be represented by agents with power of attorney. The Rules (Art. 7) specifically prescribe that "any party may,
in taking proceedings under these Rules, be represented by a counsel or such other person as shall be recognized to be proper."
As with civil litigation before a court of law, a party in a commercial arbitration who, after proper notice by the Secretariat, fails to appear
or to obtain an adjournment, cannot prevent the arbitrators from conducting the entire proceedings in their absence, including the
rendering of an award in accordance with the Rules (Art. 36) and the Korean Arbitration Act (Art. 26 ).